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Tracing the History of Scotland's Neolithic People to Armenian and Sardinian Origins

By: April Carson

In 5300 BC, a revolution erupted on Orkney. Along with strange conical towers and horned passage mounds, a band of nameless astronomers and seafarers sailed through one of the world's most hazardous seas to build the British Isles' earliest stone circles, as well as unusual conical structures and horned passageway mounds. It was unlike anything in the country, more akin to areas around the Caspian Sea and the Mediterranean.

The first Scandinavian settlers in Orkney described how the megalith builders were different from locals, spoke a foreign language, wore white tunics, and acted like a priestly caste. They established a community apart, but when new settlers arrived they had vanished.

The remaining names were the Papae and Peti. The origins of these strange people and their monuments, from Orkney to the Hebrides and into Ireland, have piqued my interest for years.

As the saga recounts, the Papae's King Herraud had a fort at Tarbert on Loch Fyne in Argyll, where he died defending his country against Haco of Norway. The story goes that his son Paul betrays his father's legacy by siding with the invaders. Whether it is myth or truth, something was amiss in this part of the world.

The mystery deepened when I discovered that the Gaelic word for priest, 'papa', is derived from the same root as the Armenian word for 'priest', 'havapar'. This led me to explore the possibility that the Papae might have been an offshoot of the ancient Armeno-Scythian race, whose religious practices were based on fertility cults. The ancient Greek writer Strabo, who died around 24 AD, referred to this nation as 'the great builders', from which we gain a picture of a highly skilled and organized society with a strong communications network.

Axis Mundi Of Neolithic Orkney

The axis mundi of Neolithic Orkney is formed by three stone circles. Despite the fact that only three-and-a-half of its 11 original monoliths are still standing, Stenness is certainly the most magnificent.

Stenness, unlike its predecessors, does not appear to be a machine or a location of high authority but rather an object with which to measure the sky, and it was still thought of as such before the town of Kirkwall took over the function.

According to the notes of Joseph Banks’ expedition of 1772, a man sits on a broken stone drawing two megaliths: one leans on the other. Behind him, six stones as tall as Stenness stand in the background. The illustrator is positioned on high ground, with Stenness itself and now simply a semi-circle in the background, while the loch beyond is represented in the background.

The figure of a quadrangular stone monument is given between the watercolor and the accompanying survey, and if so, the architecture appears to be consistent with other quadrilateral enclosures such as Crucuno in Carnac, Avebury in England, and Xerez in Portugal. All of which were built to track the highest rising and setting points of the sun at the midsummer and midwinter solstices.

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About the Blogger:

April Carson is the daughter of Billy Carson. She received her bachelor's degree in Social Sciences from Jacksonville University, where she was also on the Women's Basketball team. She now has a successful clothing company that specializes in organic baby clothes and other items. Take a look at their most popular fall fashions on

To read more of April's blogs, check out her website! She publishes new blogs on a daily basis, including the most helpful mommy advice and baby care tips! Follow on IG @bossbabymav





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