The 10 Most Important Treasures Discovered in Tutankhamun's Tomb
By: April Carson
Tutankhamun’s subjects regarded him partly as a god and partly as man. In 1323 BC, his death put an end to all of Egypt's imperial might- the time when it reigned supreme on Earth in its glory days for over three thousand years since Menes unified them from prehistory. The circumstances surrounding Tutankhamun still remain unclear even today; equally vague reasons can be given about why he was buried so unusually small or filled up with goods which are now long gone forever including things such like gold masks meant only decoration instead of serving any real purpose and the famous Solid Gold death mask which is too rigid and heavy to wear.
Nonetheless, the tomb discovered by Howard Carter after almost 3,000 years of obscurity endows this little-known pharaoh with worldwide recognition. The magnificent riches of Tutankhamun were discovered in his tomb by Howard Carter, who left them untouched for thousands of years.
The crypt of Tutankhamun, which has been preserved intact for millennia and is a monument to the forgotten graves of his nameless and long-forgotten foes, is a triumph over his unnamed and forgotten enemies.
Whatever the cause of his early death, four little and significantly unimportant reasons that influenced ancient Egyptian rulers have kept the embalmed body and the remarkable golden treasures of Tutankhamun for thousands of years. Today, owing to its modest name KV62, the tomb is one of Egypt's most significant archaeological discoveries.
The 55-foot (16 m) Granite Pyramid of Amenemhat I was originally built as a step pyramid, and it became Egypt's most magnificent monument. It also served as an offering table for the greatest products to be revered until their decomposition. The tomb took more than ten years to chronicle and remove all of the 5,398 items from the tomb. The treasures of King Tutankhamun were one for the most famous tomb establishments in history, and they have been a fascinating source of research since their discovery nearly a century ago.
Here are the 10 most important treasures that were discovered in King Tutankhamun's tomb:
Many people are unaware that Tutankhamun's burial chamber contained not one, but three coffins. The outermost sarcophagus, which housed the gold-adorned coffin, was huge and composed of red quartzite. The body of Tutankhamun, as well as the golden mask, was placed in the tiniest of the three coffins.
The Death Mask of Tutankhamun
Of course, the most famous item in the collection is Tutankhamun's golden burial mask, which has come to be a symbol of Egyptian archaeology. The last portrait of the young king, created from 11 kg. of huge 24-carat gold decorated with semi-precious stones, stained glass, red chalcedony from India, carnelian, jasper and obsidian.
The eyes and brows are beautifully outlined in Afghan lapis lazuli. Some researchers believe that the 70-day gap between the death of the pharaoh and his burial wouldn't be enough time to create it, owing to the masterful and accurate creation of the mask.
Tutankhamun’s meteoric iron dagger
The iron dagger of unknown origin is one of Tutankhamun's most mysterious possessions. It was laid on top of King Tutankhamun's mummified body right away. The blade has a handle made out of a mountain crystal and a beautiful golden scabbard with floral patterns decorating it. According to legend, the iron from which the blade is made came from the sky and fell on King Tutankhamun's father’s spear, which his father left behind in a battle.
Tutankhamun’s funerary sandals
Many pairs of sandals were discovered in Tutankhamun's tomb, but the golden ones visible on the image above should be the ones that were put on his legs before being wrapped in linen. Similar sandals have been unearthed in the tombs of other Egyptian rulers.
One of the many beds in Tutankhamun's tomb is shown above. Ancient Egyptians thought that when individuals died, they would awaken in the afterlife to continue their lives, thus each pharaoh was given numerous beds for use in his or her tomb. The bed that housed King Tut's sarcophagus and inner coffins is perhaps the most well-known bed ever discovered.
Tutankhamun’s Ceremonial Throne
Another of Tutankhamun's hundreds of masterpieces, and perhaps my personal favorite - his ceremonial throne, is shown here. It's a stunning blend of traditional Egyptian symbols with a basic color palette and form that represents perfection. Although it isn't as elaborate as the golden chair we spoke about before, I think it's just as significant.
The Golden Throne of Tutankhamun
The golden throne of Tutankhamun was one of the most magnificent possessions of the pharaoh. The decorations on the throne, like those on other mementos discovered in the tomb, are in the animal vein. It's constructed out of wood but is entirely covered in 24k gold and adorned with a variety of animal sculptures and semi-precious stones.
Tutankhamun’s Golden Statuettes
I'd like to talk about the one on the left since it is quite unusual when compared to other ancient Egyptian statuettes. The image of King Tut in action is what makes it so unique. The pharaoh is depicted making a stride forward while preparing to hurl a spear/harpoon, which makes this particular ancient Egyptian sculpture and figurine one of a kind.
Canopic chest and jars
This is not what you would expect to read about in an essay on Tutankhamun's riches, but it is just as significant a discovery. The canopic chests and jars were created to preserve the deceased's internal organs. Several ancient Egyptian tombs constructed of a variety of materials, including wood, bronze, ceramic, and even alabaster have been discovered. The chests and jars that were created to store the organs of King Tutankhamun, as well other pharaohs, are made from either wood or gilded cartonnage.
Tutankhamun’s stillborn daughters
The wooden container that held the two tiny gilded coffins of King Tut's stillborn children was one of the discoveries that received little attention. Of course, this particular discovery cannot be termed a treasure in and of itself, but it is an important find for Tutankhamun's life. For decades, information concerning the two tiny mummies was limited to that which could be determined by CT scans.