By: April Carson
While studying Martian dirt samples gathered from the Bagnold dune cluster at the base of Mount Sharp, the Curiosity rover discovered organic chemicals. This is all additional proof in favor of planet habitability in the past. Mars was once warm and lush, with rivers that flowed and enormous lakes that existed. Mars scientists think that ancient microorganisms or even more complex life may have evolved at this time.
On Mars, NASA's Curiosity rover discovered new organic molecules
On Mars, organic molecules were reported to have been discovered by researchers. They found a variety of chemicals that had never before been detected on Mars during tests using an unusual technique.
Scientists announced on Wednesday that during their study of the Martian soil and rocks near the Curiosity rover, they found a variety of chemicals that had never before been detected on Mars. Researchers think ancient microorganisms or even more complex life could have evolved at this time.
Researchers have discovered a new type of experiment called wet chemistry for derivatization, in which the sample is placed in a cup filled with a chemical mixture. Curiosity has nine pre-filled cups just like that. The collected samples were formerly deposited straight into storage in all previous scenarios. This time, the Martian dirt reacted with the chemicals in the cup, producing a variety of organic molecules on the surface.
The team first announced its discovery in December, but has not yet submitted it to a scientific journal. The publication is scheduled for this month.
NASA's Rover has discovered evidence of organic molecules on Mars, indicating possible traces of ancient life. Researchers found a variety of chemicals that had never before been seen on the Martian surface.
This isn't the first time that Curiosity has discovered organic molecules on Mars in samples; however, this new finding increased the number of chemicals on the list. Although no biosignatures were found, the findings of the study lend credibility to past habitability theories.
Organic molecules on Mars
Several organic compounds have been discovered in recent and previous discoveries – benzoic acid, ammonia, phosphoric acid, phenol, and nitrogen-containing molecules - suggesting that these chemicals could be formed by living organisms. It should be pointed out that ammonia and benzoic acid had never before been observed. The presence of these chemicals at a site like Gale Crater, where Curiosity landed in 2012, is significant because it provides evidence that these chemicals are likely to have been formed by biological processes.
Curiosity's "laboratory" has been restricted in terms of capabilities since the mission's outset. This is why learning too much about the samples gathered is tough, and we get mostly confirmation of the presence of organic molecules on Mars. Their precise makeup, nevertheless, remains a mystery.
The ExoMars project, which involves both Roscosmos and the European Space Agency, has been in operation since 2012. The mission's main objective is to determine whether or not life existed on Mars and if it might still exist there now.
The program was divided into two phases, with the first one starting in 2016 and culminating with the successful landing of the ExoMars-2016 station on Mars. It featured a scientific orbiter called Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and a demo lander named Schiaparelli that crashed on landing due to a computer glitch.
The second phase of the ExoMars mission was initially scheduled for 2018, but it was then delayed to 2020 and then again to 2022. The autonomous station Kazachok and the Rosalind Franklin rover will be sent on this second stage of the mission to the Oxia Planum landing site.
Sample Return Mission
With Curiosity, Perseverance, and Rosalind Franklin all collecting and analyzing samples from different regions, we can anticipate a slew of major discoveries in the coming years. We may also see a sample return mission to Mars and back in the next decade that will bring back the first-ever soil samples from the Red Planet.
Nothing would compare to the chance to analyze Martian soil in a lab on Earth, yet rovers have still found some of the most important information. This is when we may obtain the complete story of Mars' history and a clear answer to the most pressing question: was there ever life on Mars?
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About the Blogger:
April Carson is the daughter of Billy Carson. She received her bachelor's degree in Social Sciences from Jacksonville University, where she was also on the Women's Basketball team. She now has a successful clothing company that specializes in organic baby clothes and other items. Take a look at their most popular fall fashions on bossbabymav.com
To read more of April's blogs, check out her website! She publishes new blogs on a daily basis, including the most helpful mommy advice and baby care tips! Follow on IG @bossbabymav
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