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An Unfortunate Correlation Between Poor Co-parenting and Depression in Fathers

By: April Carson

According to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, fathers are more likely to experience depression during their children's toddler years when they have an unfulfilling co-parenting relationship shortly after birth. These findings were published in the Journal of Affective Disorders and further demonstrate how important early parenting relationships can be for overall mental health.

The study followed a sample of over 6,000 mothers and fathers over nine years. During this time, researchers surveyed participants on various aspects of their co-parenting dynamic, such as the frequency of communication between parents and the level of cooperation between them.

By showing more support for co-parenting during the early days of parenting, society stands to benefit greatly - according to Michael Wells, an associate professor at Karolinska Institutet's Department of Women’s and Children’s Health.

"Our study indicates that even after taking into account the parent's mental health, those fathers who had poorer co-parenting relationships were more likely to report depression symptoms nine years later," Wells said. "We need to increase awareness of how important early parenting relationships can be for overall mental health."

To foster positive relationships between parents, we should screen fathers for their co-parenting involvement during the early years of a child's life and assist those who may require help in areas such as communication and collaboration.

Recent research has shown that nearly a tenth of fathers endures postpartum depression, which is shockingly high compared to the total population. Moreover, children who are raised in such environments possess an increased likelihood of developing psychological and emotional issues during their youth years. With this knowledge, researchers hope to discover modifiable aspects that reduce the risk of depression for dads so interventions can be formulated to protect both parents and kids from mental health disorders.

This study sought to investigate the prevalence of depression among fathers of babies and toddlers up to two years old. To this end, 429 Swedish dads were approached on Facebook and asked to complete questionnaires that included questions about their symptoms of depression as well as the dynamics between them and their co-parenting partner. The data were collected at three-time points when the children's ages averaged 8 months, 13 months, and 26 months respectively. It emerged from these results that around 20 percent of participants reported symptoms associated with depression at some point in the study period.

The research discovered that two-thirds of fathers presented with significantly poor co-parenting associations during their child's first year are more likely to have depression symptoms as the toddler grows. Meanwhile, those who had higher co-parenting scores were observed to experience fewer signs of depression. Additionally, an association between earlier stages of depression and unpleasant later relationships was established.

The correlation between poor co-parenting and increased risk of depression in fathers can be linked to the stress of parenting. Inadequate support from a partner, who is usually expected to provide emotional and psychological relief for both parents, is likely to take a toll on a father's mental health.

Michael Wells found a two-way relationship between depression and inadequate co-parenting; they both influence each other. Surprisingly, the incident that predicted depression most was an unsatisfactory co-parenting relationship during early childhood--rather than vice versa.

Poor co-parenting can lead to several problems including emotional distress, neglect, and physical abuse. These issues can be particularly difficult for fathers who are often expected to maintain a strong role in the family while being emotionally distant from their children. This lack of support and connection can lead to feelings of helplessness and despair.

The study has some limitations. For example, the participants had higher incomes and more symptoms of at least mild depression than the average Swedish population.

These findings may only pertain to self-identified fathers; therefore, it is uncertain if the outcomes would transfer to other guardians. Additionally, this study was conducted in Sweden and the findings may not apply to other countries.

Despite these limitations, the results of the study should still compel us to consider how co-parenting affect fathers’ mental health and well-being. Poor co-parenting is a risk factor for depression in fathers, and it is important to take steps to ensure fathers are supported in their roles. Fathers should be encouraged to develop healthy relationships with their former partners so that they can provide a nurturing environment for their children and maintain positive mental health for themselves.

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April Carson is the daughter of Billy Carson. She received her bachelor's degree in Social Sciences from Jacksonville University, where she was also on the Women's Basketball team. She now has a successful clothing company that specializes in organic baby clothes and other items. Take a look at their most popular fall fashions on

To read more of April's blogs, check out her website! She publishes new blogs on a daily basis, including the most helpful mommy advice and baby care tips! Follow on IG @bossbabymav



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